Does globalization of the scientific/engineering workforce threaten U.S. economic leadership?

by Richard B. Freeman

Publisher: National Bureau of Economic Research in Cambridge, MA

Written in English
Published: Downloads: 407
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Places:

  • United States.

Subjects:

  • High technology industries -- United States.,
  • High technology -- Government policy -- United States.,
  • Comparative advantage (International trade),
  • Globalization.

Edition Notes

StatementRichard B. Freeman.
SeriesNBER working paper series ;, working paper 11457, Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research : Online) ;, working paper no. 11457.
ContributionsNational Bureau of Economic Research.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsHB1
The Physical Object
FormatElectronic resource
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL3478351M
LC Control Number2005618365

Hal Salzman is Professor of Planning and Public Policy at the Edward J. Bloustein School and Senior Faculty Fellow at the John J. Heldrich Center for Workforce research focuses on science and engineering labor markets, workplace restructuring, skill requirements, and globalization of innovation, engineering and technology design. The U.S. economy relies on the productivity, entrepreneurship, and creativity of its people. To maintain its scientific and engineering leadership amid increasing economic and educational globalization, the United States must aggressively pursue the innovative capacity of all of its people—women and men. Women make up an increasing proportion of science and engineering majors at all. The beginning of offers a conflicting picture of the global economy for those trying to discern trends, challenges and opportunities. Concerns about energy security and climate sustainability.   Review of the evidence and analysis of actual graduation rates and workforce needs does not find support for these claims. U.S. student performance rankings are comparable to other leading nations and colleges graduate far more scientists and engineers than are hired each year.

  Engineering the Global Climate Faced with potential changes to U.S. engagement in global climate change initiatives, scientists are exploring the possibility of .   Since , the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) supercomputer Summit has secured the United States as the global leader in high-performance computing (HPC). But significant Chinese investments in HPC threaten to wrest supercomputing supremacy away from the United States and place China as the global frontrunner. Eager to retain America’s position, DOE recently announced a .   The World Economic Forum is an independent international organization committed to improving the state of the world by engaging business, political, academic and other leaders of society to shape global, regional and industry agendas. Incorporated as a not-for-profit foundation in , and headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, the Forum is tied to no political, partisan or national interests. In addition, with the rapid globalization of science itself (more than 40 percent of scientific Ph.D. students trained in the United States are now foreign nationals, roughly half of whom return to their countries of origin), the once undisputed U.S. scientific lead, whether relevant to .

Does Globalization of the Scientific/Engineering Workforce Threaten U.S. Economic Leadership? NBER Working Paper No. w Number of pages: 47 Posted: 02 Aug Last Revised: 30 Oct 1 Globalization of Science and Technology “There is no national science just as there is no national multiplication table.” 1 Anton Chekhov () While globalization of science is by no means a new phenomenon, the 21st century science and technology (S&T) enterprise is more geographically distributed, more interconnected, and more dynamic than ever before. America's Pressing Challenge Science and Engineering Indicators has reported for almost a decade on the rapid growth in scientific and engineering occupations in the United States. The edition now reports that by , U.S. occupations in science and engineering fields are expected to .

Does globalization of the scientific/engineering workforce threaten U.S. economic leadership? by Richard B. Freeman Download PDF EPUB FB2

Published: Does Globalization of the Scientific/Engineering Workforce Threaten U.S. Economic Leadership?, Richard B. Freeman. in Innovation Policy and the Economy, Volume 6, Jaffe, Lerner, and Stern.

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded* these. This paper develops four propositions that show that changes in the global job market for science and engineering (S&E) workers are eroding U.S.

dominance in S&E, which diminishes comparative advantage in high tech production and creates problems for American industry and workers: 1. The U.S. share of the world's science and engineering graduates is declining rapidly as European and Asian Cited by:   Abstract.

This paper develops four propositions that show that changes in the global job market for science and engineering (S&E) workers are eroding US dominance in S&E, which diminishes comparative advantage in high tech production and creates problems for American industry and workers: (1) The U.S.

share of the world's science and engineering graduates is declining rapidly as European Cited by: Downloadable. This paper develops four propositions that show that changes in the global job market for science and engineering (S&E) workers are eroding US dominance in S&E, which diminishes comparative advantage in high tech production and creates problems for American industry and workers: (1) The U.S.

share of the world's science and engineering graduates is declining rapidly as European. Does Globalization Threaten U.S. Economic Leadership. The analysis can be summarized in four propositions, two relating to the job market for scientific and engineering talent, and two relating to the effects of that market on the economy.

The propositions regarding the science and engineering. Does Globalization Threaten U.S. Economic Leadership. The analysis can be summarized in four propositions, two relating to the job market for scientific and engineering talent, and two relating to the effects of that market on the economy.

The propositions regarding the science and engineering (S&E) job market are. Does Globalization of the Scientific/Engineering Workforce Threaten U.S. Economic Leadership. Richard B. Freeman. Chapter in NBER book Innovation Policy and the Economy, Volume 6 (), Adam B.

Jaffe, Josh Lerner and Scott Stern, editors (p. - ) Conference held Ap Published in August by The MIT PressCited by: Does Globalization of the Scientific/Engineering Workforce Threaten U.S. Economic Leadership. Richard Freeman (). A chapter in Innovation Policy and the Economy, Volume 6,pp from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

JEL-codes: G0 I2 F0 J0 (search for similar items in EconPapers) Date: References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list. Does Globalization of the Scientific/Engineering Workforce Threaten U.S.

Economic Leadership. Richard B. Freeman NBER Working Paper No. June JEL No. G0, I2, F0, J0 ABSTRACT This paper develops four propositions that show that changes in the global job market for science and engineering (S&E) workers are eroding US dominance in S&E.

BibTeX @INPROCEEDINGS{Freeman_does, author = {Richard B. Freeman and Richard B. Freeman}, title = { Does Globalization of the Scientific/Engineering Workforce Threaten US Economic Leadership. Working Paper }, booktitle = {National Bureau of Economic.

5. Does Globalization of the Scientific/Engineering Workforce Threaten U.S. Economic Leadership?: Richard B. Freeman (p. - ) (bibliographic info) (Working Paper version) 6.

Looking for Mr. Schumpeter: Where Are We in the Competition-Innovation Debate?: Richard Gilbert (p. - ) (bibliographic info). Get this from a library. Does globalization of the scientific/engineering workforce threaten U.S. economic leadership?. [Richard B Freeman; National Bureau of Economic Research.].

Interdependence: Interdependence between nations can cause regional or global instabilities if local economic fluctuations end up impacting a large number of countries relying on them.; National Sovereignty: Some see the rise of nation-states, multinational or global firms, and other international organizations as a threat to tely, this could cause some leaders to become.

Freeman R. Does Globalization of the Scientific/Engineering Workforce Threaten US Economic Leadership?.

In: Innovation Policy and the Economy Volume 6. MIT Press for NBER ; Cited by: Globalization, since the Brexit and Trump shocks ofhas been shaped by a tug of war between economic fundamentals and policy threats.

But predictions that globalization would collapse under. Globalization is one of the prominent features in the current trend of evolution for national economies. Companies and Nations can be offered with huge potential profits through globalization, but it is more complicated to implement because of widely differing expectations, standard of living, cultures and values as well as unexpected global cause-and-effect linkages.

"Globalization, both as an ideology and process, has become the dominant political, economical and cultural force in the 21st century." Quote from "Globalism: The New Market Ideology" by Manfred Merriam-Webster defines globalization as “the act or process of globalizing: the development of an increasingly integrated global economy marked especially by free trade, free flow of.

Globalization allows companies worldwide to expand their operations and create jobs. At the same time, it contributes to economic growth in developing countries and promotes free trade.

This process has its drawbacks. Tax evasion, ecological damage and tight credit are just a few to mention. Because of the competitiveness of the global economy, 70 countries are competing for the EPZ dollar, and incentives increase at the expense of wages and standards.

Thus, globalization puts pressure on the workers and the producers by weakening their bargaining power as a result of the increased competiton (Carr & Chen, ). Title: Does Globalization of the Scientific/Engineering Workforce Threaten U.S. Economic Leadership. Created Date: Z. Freeman RB () Does globalization of the scientific/engineering workforce threaten U.S.

economic leadership. Innov Policy Econ 6: – View Article Google Scholar Jaffe AB () Trends and patterns in research and development expenditures in the United States. Richard B. Freeman, Does Globalization of the Sci/Eng.

Workforce Threaten U.S. Economic Leadership. (6/05) •US - 5% of world pop., but 1/3 of world sci/engineering researchers •US comparative advantage - leadership in sci/tech •US share of world S&E workforce declining • China: no PhD s in ; in 03, 13,   American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics 7 (3).

Doran, K. B., Gelber, A. and Isen, A. () The Effects of High-Skill Immigration Policy on Firms: Evidence from Visa Lotteries NBER Working Paper; Freeman, R. (a). Does Globalization of the Scientific/Engineering Workforce Threaten U.S. Economic Leadership. Innovation Policy and the Economy. In a global economy, Additionally, free trade may drive up production and labor costs, including higher wages for a more skilled workforce, which again can lead to outsourcing jobs from.

known as globalization of science and technology through globalization of research and development [1]. The Contemporary Scientific Estate Contemporary science and technology developments are marked by multidirectional flows of knowledge through the movement of scientific ideas and workers on a world scale.

A quick look at any major institute of. Promising Practices for Strengthening the Regional STEM Workforce Development Ecosystem (January ) Read online free Buy the book or download the free PDF View report highlights (PDF) U.S. strength in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines has formed the basis of innovations, technologies, and industries that have spurred the nation’s economic growth.

Freeman, R.B. “Does Globalization of the Scientific/Engineering Workforce Threaten U.S. Economic Leadership?” NBER Working Paper No.

National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, MA. Google Scholar. Globalization of science provides a new perspective on the scientific landscape, which deepens what we know from standard bibliometrics in many respects.

The traditional science powerhouses in the North and West remain strong and at the core of the global system; highly interconnected and. A recent request by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to suppress or alter the publication of a recent paper accepted by the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA concerning the risks of botulinum toxin being introduced into the U.S.

milk supply rapidly led to a much larger awareness of the manuscript on the. Globalization, as a concept, refers both to the "shrinking" of the world and the increased consciousness of the world as a whole. It is a term used to describe the changes in societies and the world economy that are the result of dramatically increased cross-border trade, investment, and cultural Exchange (New World Encyclopedia).

In Peru, the U.S. Department of State worked with the private sector and the Government of Peru to sponsor a camp with young women from the United States, Chile, Mexico, and Peru. Promote STEM's role in problem solving: In the U.S., women earn about 20 percent of engineering degrees and 16 percent of computer science degrees.According to Wikipedia, where I get most of my facts these days, globalization is defined as the process by which local, regional, or national phenomena become integrated on a global scale.

One common example is economic globalization: the integration of national economies into the international economy through trade, foreign direct investment.Effects of globalization can be discussed in the following different ways: Global Markets According to (Hill, ) Global Market refers to the “Merging of Historically Distinct and separate National Markets into one huge global market place.” With the expansions of global markets liberalize the economic activities of exchange of goods and.